Of course I had to go off and find other words from the same root: ballein "to throw". So here they are. Its amazing to see the branches that have grown from this root.
throw up: anabolic
throw apart: diablo
throw in: emblem
throw beyond: hyperbole
throw over: metabolic
throw alongside: parable
throw forward: problem
throw together: symbol
anabolic - "pertaining to the process of building up (especially in metabolism)," 1876, from Gk. anabole "that
which is thrown up, mound," from ana "up, upward" + ballein "to throw."
devil - O.E. deofol "evil spirit," from L.L. diabolus, from Gk. diabolos "accuser, slanderer" (scriptural loan-
translation of Heb. satan), from diaballein "to slander, attack," lit. "throw across," from dia- "across,
through" + ballein "to throw." Jerome re-introduced Satan in L. bibles, and Eng. translators have used both in
different measures. In Vulgate, as in Gk., diabolus and dmon (see demon) were distinct, but they have merged in
Eng. and other Gmc. languages. Playful use for "clever rogue" is from 1601. Meaning "sand spout, dust storm" is
from 1835. Devilry is from 1375; deviltry (1788) is a corrupt formation from it. Devilled "grilled with hot
condiments" is from 1800. The Tasmanian devil so called since at least 1829, from its propensity for killing
young lambs (other voracious fish or animals have also been named devil). Phrase a devil way (c.1290) was
originally an emphatic form of away, but taken by late 14c. as an expression of irritation. Devil's advocate (
1760) is L. advocatus diaboli, one whose job it is to urge against the canonization of a candidate for sainthood.
Devil-may-care is attested from 1837. Devil's books "playing cards" is from 1729, but the cited quote says
they've been called that "time out of mind" (the four of clubs is the devil's bedposts); devil's coach-horse is
from 1840, the large rove-beetle, which is defiant when disturbed. "Talk of the Devil, and he's presently at your
emblem - c.1430, from Fr. embleme "symbol," from L. emblema "inlaid ornamental work," from Gk. emblema (gen.
emblematos) "embossed ornament," lit. "insertion," from emballein "to insert," lit. "to throw in," from em- "in"
+ ballein "to throw."
hyperbole - 1529, from L. hyperbole, from Gk. hyperbole "exaggeration, extravagance," from hyperballein "to throw
over or beyond," from hyper- "beyond" + bol-, nom. stem of ballein "to throw." Rhetorical sense is found in
Aristotle and Isocrates.
metabolism - in physiology sense, 1878, from Fr. mtabolisme, from Gk. metabole "change," from metaballein "to
change," from meta- "over" + ballein "to throw." Metabolic is first attested 1845 in this sense, from Ger.
metabolisch (1839). The word is attested from 1743 with the lit. sense of "involving change."
parable - c.1325, "saying or story in which something is expressed in terms of something else," from O.Fr.
parable, from L. parabola "comparison," from Gk. parabole "a comparison, parable," lit. "a throwing beside," from
para- "alongside" + bole "a throwing, casting," related to ballein "to throw." Replaced O.E. bispell.
problem - 1382, "a difficult question proposed for solution," from O.Fr. problme (14c.), from L. problema, from
Gk. problema "a problem, a question," lit. "thing put forward," from proballein "propose," from pro "forward" +
ballein "to throw" (see ballistics). Problem child first recorded 1920.
symbol - c.1434, "creed, summary, religious belief," from L. symbolum "creed, token, mark," from Gk. symbolon "
token, watchword" (applied by Cyprian of Carthage to the Apostles' Creed, 3c.), from syn- "together" + stem of
ballein "to throw." The sense evolution is from "throwing things together" to "contrasting" to "comparing" to "
token used in comparisons to determine if something is genuine." Hence, "outward sign" of something. The meaning
"something which stands for something else" first recorded 1590. Symbolism is 1892 as a movement in Fr.
literature that aimed at representing ideas and emotions by indirect suggestion rather than direct expression; it
attached symbolic meaning to certain objects, words, etc.
Here is the Indo-European root information:
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition. 2000.
DEFINITION: Also gwel-. To throw, reach, with further meaning to pierce. Oldest form *gwel1-, with metathesized
variant *gwle1-, contracted to *gwl-.
Derivatives include devil, emblem, metabolism, parliament, problem, symbol, ballet, and kill1.
I. Words denoting to throw, reach. Variant *gwl-, contracted from *gwle-. 1. Suffixed zero-grade form *gw-n--.
a. ballista; amphibole, arbalest, astrobleme, bolide, devil, diabolic, embolism, emboly, epiboly, hyperbola,
hyperbole, metabolism, palaver, parable, parabola, parley, parliament, parlor, parol, parole, problem, symbol,
from Greek ballein, to throw (with o-grade *bol- and variant *bl-); b. ball2, ballad, ballet, bayadere, from
Greek ballizein, to dance. 2. Suffixed o-grade form *gwol()--. bolometer, from Greek bol, beam, ray. 3. Possible
suffixed o-grade form *gwol()-s-. boule1, abulia, from Greek boul, determination, will (< "throwing forward of
the mind"), council. 4. Suffixed full-grade form *gwel-mno-. belemnite, from Greek belemnon, dart, javelin.
II. Words denoting to pierce. 1. Suffixed o-grade form *gwol-eyo-. a. quell, from Old English cwellan, to
kill, destroy; b. quail2, from Middle Dutch quelen, to be ill, suffer. Both a and b from Germanic *kwaljan. 2.
Suffixed zero-grade form *gw-yo-. kill1, from Middle English killen, to kill, perhaps from Old English *cyllan,
to kill, from Germanic *kuljan. 3. Full-grade form *gwel-. belonephobia, from Greek belon, needle. (Pokorny 2.
gel- 471, 1. gel- 470.)
But see: http://www.finucane.de/archive.htm, which claims ballein is not indo-european.